Blog, Resources

Ships of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade

Slave Ship – List of Slave Ships | List Slave Ships

https://www.liquisearch.com/slave_ship/list_of_slave_ships

What happened to the ships that carried human cargo across the Atlantic to a life of harsh and grueling servitude?

Many descendants of slaves in America wonder about this. Who owned these seafaring vessels; were they used for more than transporters of slavery? Most curiously, what was their demise.

Much has been said, written and discussed regarding slavery but little is known about the very journey or history about the life aboard these vessels. There are books and mention of one infamous ship. The “Amistad”, is famous because of the slave mutiny.

List of Slave Ships

• Adelaide, French slave ship, sank 1714 near Cuba.

• Antelope, Spanish slave ship captured near Florida in 1820 with 283 slaves aboard, leading to The Antelope case.

• Aurore, along with the Duc du Maine, the first French slave ships that brought the first slaves to Louisiana.

• La Amistad, cargo ship which sometimes carried slaves (see note below).

• Braunfisch, a Brandenburgian slave ship lost in 1688 in a revolt.

• Brookes, sailing in the 1780s.

• Clotilde, burned and sunk at Mobile, in autumn 1859.

• Cora, captured by the USS Constellation in 1860.

• Creole, involved in the United States coastwise slave trade and the scene of a slave rebellion in 1841, leading to the Creole case.

• Desire, first American slave ship.

• Elisabeth, sailing from Jamaica for West Africa.

• Duc du Maine, along with the Aurore, the first French slave ships that brought the first slaves to Louisiana.

• Fredensborg, Danish slave ship, sank in 1768 off Tromøy in Norway, after a journey in the triangular trade. Leif Svalesen (da) has written a book about the journey.

• Guerrero, Spanish slave ship wrecked in the Florida Keys in 1827 carrying 561 Africans.

• Hannibal. An English slaver of the Atlantic slave trade.

• Henrietta Marie. Sank 1700 near Marquesas Keys, Florida, excavated in 1980s.

• Hope, American brig which brought slaves to Rhode Island

• Jesus of Lübeck (de) 700-ton ship used on the second voyage of John Hawkins to transport 400 captured Africans in 1564. Queen Elizabeth I was his partner and rented him the vessel.

• Kron-Printzen, Danish slave ship, sank in 1706 with 820 slaves on board.

• Le Concord. Slave ship turned pirate ship aka Queen Anne’s Revenge. Sank 1717.

• Lord Ligonier. See Roots: The Saga of an American Family by Alex Haley.

• Don Francisco. Slave ship captured in 1837. Sold as a colonial trader renamed James Matthews. Excavated by Western Australian Museum in 1974

• Madre de Deus (Mother of God), 1567. John Hawkins captured this ship and transported 400 Africans.

• Manuela, built as clipper ship Sunny South, captured by HMS Brisk in Mozambique Channel with over 800 slaves aboard.

• Margaret Scott confiscated and sunk as part of the Stone fleet in 1862

• Meermin, a Dutch East India Company ship active between southern Africa and Madagascar, whose final voyage in 1766 ended in mutiny by the slaves: around half the crew and nearly 30 Malagasy died, and the ship was destroyed.

• Nightingale, clipper ship captured by Saratoga near Cabinda, Angola in 1861 with 961 slaves aboard.

• Pons, American built barque captured by the USS Yorktown 1 December 1845 with 850-900 slaves.

• Salamander, Brandenburgian slave ship.

• Sally, of Newport, Rhode Island – reviewed in the Report of the Brown University Steering Committee on Slavery and Justice.

• Tecora, Portuguese slave ship that transported the slaves who would later revolt aboard La Amistad.

• Triton captured by the USS Constellation 1861.

• Trouvadore, wrecked in Turks and Caicos 1841. 193 slaves survived. Project commenced in 2004 to locate the ship.

• Wanderer, formerly last slave ship to the U.S. (November 1858) until Clotilde reported in 1859 or 1860.

• Wildfire, a barque, arrested off the Florida coast by the US Navy in 1860; carrying 450 slaves.

• Whydah Gally, slave ship turned into pirate ship, sank 1717.

• Zong, a British slave ship infamous for the 1781 massacre of 132 sick and dying slaves who were thrown overboard in an attempt to guarantee that the ship’s owners could collect on their cargo insurance.

Note: While La Amistad is often called a slave ship, it was in fact a general purpose cargo ship, which occasionally carried slaves. See the article about the ship, and the resulting court case, for more information.

Blog, Health, Resources

Surviving isolation in the era of Covid-19

<p class="has-drop-cap" value="<amp-fit-text layout="fixed-height" min-font-size="6" max-font-size="72" height="80">Valentine's Day is designated the day for love. Cards, gifts and candies are symbolic things to show love and affection for your significant other. But today we are forced in many instances to shower love virtually. Although romancing remotely may not be the most romantic way, it is the best alternative currently. Of course, many will chance closeness perhaps while wearing masks and self-distancing, but lovers may desire more intimate situations. Alas, we are learning how to navigate through this time. Valentine's Day is designated the day for love. Cards, gifts and candies are symbolic things to show love and affection for your significant other. But today we are forced in many instances to shower love virtually. Although romancing remotely may not be the most romantic way, it is the best alternative currently. Of course, many will chance closeness perhaps while wearing masks and self-distancing, but lovers may desire more intimate situations. Alas, we are learning how to navigate through this time.Valentine’s Day is designated the day for love. Cards, gifts and candies are symbolic things to show love and affection for your significant other. But today we are forced in many instances to shower love virtually. Although romancing remotely may not be the most romantic way, it is the best alternative currently. Of course, many will chance closeness perhaps while wearing masks and self-distancing, but lovers may desire more intimate situations. Alas, we are learning how to navigate through this time. Valentine’s Day is designated the day for love. Cards, gifts and candies are symbolic things to show love and affection for your significant other. But today we are forced in many instances to shower love virtually. Although romancing remotely may not be the most romantic way, it is the best alternative currently. Of course, many will chance closeness perhaps while wearing masks and self-distancing, but lovers may desire more intimate situations. Alas, we are learning how to navigate through this time.

<p value="<amp-fit-text layout="fixed-height" min-font-size="6" max-font-size="72" height="80">There are many good communication apps out there, the most used are Zoom, Facebook Messenger, Skype, and for Apple users, Facetime, that comes with the iPhone and iPad. We are able to see and hear our friends, constituents and family wherever we are. I think it is a great way to meet new people on some of the Singles sites and this is a wonderful way to watch and check on our beloved seniors. I find Zoom to be my preference of virtual communication, while Skype is a close second. If you do not have these apps, the links provided below will lead you to where you can download them to your devices. There are many good communication apps out there, the most used are Zoom, Facebook Messenger, Skype, and for Apple users, Facetime, that comes with the iPhone and iPad. We are able to see and hear our friends, constituents and family wherever we are. I think it is a great way to meet new people on some of the Singles sites and this is a wonderful way to watch and check on our beloved seniors. I find Zoom to be my preference of virtual communication, while Skype is a close second. If you do not have these apps, the links provided below will lead you to where you can download them to your devices.There are many good communication apps out there, the most used are Zoom, Facebook Messenger, Skype, and for Apple users, Facetime, that comes with the iPhone and iPad. We are able to see and hear our friends, constituents and family wherever we are. I think it is a great way to meet new people on some of the Singles sites and this is a wonderful way to watch and check on our beloved seniors. I find Zoom to be my preference of virtual communication, while Skype is a close second. If you do not have these apps, the links provided below will lead you to where you can download them to your devices. There are many good communication apps out there, the most used are Zoom, Facebook Messenger, Skype, and for Apple users, Facetime, that comes with the iPhone and iPad. We are able to see and hear our friends, constituents and family wherever we are. I think it is a great way to meet new people on some of the Singles sites and this is a wonderful way to watch and check on our beloved seniors. I find Zoom to be my preference of virtual communication, while Skype is a close second. If you do not have these apps, the links provided below will lead you to where you can download them to your devices.

There are many good communication apps out there, the most used are Zoom, Facebook Messenger, Skype, and for Apple users, Facetime, that comes with the iPhone and iPad. We are able to see and hear our friends, constituents and family wherever we are. I think it is a great way to meet new people on some of the Singles sites and this is a wonderful way to watch and check on our beloved seniors. I find Zoom to be my preference of virtual communication, while Skype is a close second. If you do not have these apps, the links provided below will lead you to where you can download them to your devices. There are many good communication apps out there, the most used are Zoom, Facebook Messenger, Skype, and for Apple users, Facetime, that comes with the iPhone and iPad. We are able to see and hear our friends, constituents and family wherever we are. I think it is a great way to meet new people on some of the Singles sites and this is a wonderful way to watch and check on our beloved seniors. I find Zoom to be my preference of virtual communication, while Skype is a close second. If you do not have these apps, the links provided below will lead you to where you can download them to your devices.

These are only three of the most popular platforms used today. All of them allow for chatting as well as real time face to face communication. You can even take snapshots of your participant while conversing with them. This is a great way to get photos of your grandchildren. Some apps even allow streaming and sharing files and content between users. These are really wonderful tools to use in this time. You do not have to wait to see anyone; if you have a smartphone or iPad, you can pretty much touch base anywhere and anytime. These are only three of the most popular platforms used today. All of them allow for chatting as well as real time face to face communication. You can even take snapshots of your participant while conversing with them. This is a great way to get photos of your grandchildren. Some apps even allow streaming and sharing files and content between users. These are really wonderful tools to use in this time. You do not have to wait to see anyone; if you have a smartphone or iPad, you can pretty much touch base anywhere and anytime.

Many businesses utilize these tools for long distance meetings and conferences. This saves a lot of travel money and it is an excellent way of following the rules of distancing during the pandemic. They use more sophisticated apps such as:

Even doctors are using this to schedule and conduct doctor visits with their patients. I have conducted doctor visits with my doctors via their communication apps and find it very convenient, especially when it is just follow-ups. The doctor is able to refill and prescribe medicine to your pharmacy quickly and forward you any information that they think you need. How great is this!

Blog, Resources

Life is a Journey

Life is a Journey:

Walking down the long and winding road

Walking in this day of mourning and sorrow seems too daunting a task for our troubled souls. As we continue to live in the shadow of 2020, a year of many strife and loss, we long for relief. I know how this feels, because I and my family have experienced loss and mourning of loved ones. Recently, my family buried my beloved niece, of 40 years old. My niece was a vibrant young woman, daughter, mother, and wife. Unfortunately, she was not the only loss to our family in 2020. We suffered the loss of my father, step-father, two cousins, and two of my pets all in one year.

Covid-19 took the life of my step-father while a fatal car crash took the life of my niece. I know my family is not the only one having a hard time this year, but when it hits home, it is a reality hard to fathom, but yet, we must go on. Listening to the news day by day, it seems like the world is upside down. Conflicts involving race, government dishevel, virus deaths and infections all over the world, exhaust us and sap us the energy to recover. This year is an election year and already we see war clouds; a time in which this country has never seen before. What will this election bring? Will it bring relief and change or more of the same? Are we, the people of these United States going to step up and demand this change or will we decide to go backwards to a time of inequality, financial depression, racial hatred and violence, and hopelessness due to mindless choices made by those in high places?

This is a time of serious reflection and self-evaluation. Covid-19 has left the country with choices that we never expected to make. Our children are not able to attend schools, teachers have to learn how to educate virtually to young children whose attention span is no longer than a 10 minute cartoon and parents have to decide whether to work or stay at home with their children. Despair is heard over the air-waves and people call in blaming one candidate over another for the problems we all are having. They feel that their problems will be solved if we just vote the right person into office. One person cannot change the damage that has been done during this pandemic. But we are hopeful that whomever is elected will have answers to an impossible situation.

As life leads us into unchartered waters, we pray for a ray of sunshine to a time that seems, now, so long ago when things were normal and predictable. Life is hard and many times unfair. Grief has been a constant companion of late, to many. Young people are not confident of their future and wonder if there is one. What can we do to change the path we are on to a path of a new beginning? For a start, we can hold each other’s hand and travel this journey together. Face these obstacles with courage and determination. And when we fall down, pick each other up and continue on until victory is won. I believe that this too will pass and the sun will shine again.

For those who seek refuge through the storm, I suggest that you click on these

links below, there is help for the needy and unemployed.

Also, you will find links to voting information and officials.

Resources during Covid-19


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Blog, Family news

All Dogs go to Heaven*

My best friend, Foxy Cox

This year has been a very sad one for many, but it has been especially grievous for me. My best friend and companion passed away on August 18, 2020 from cancer. Foxy was a beautiful and sweet mix Pomeranian that loved to ride in my car and take long walks. Recently, before her death, she was pushed in her pet carrier to her favorite places. I live in Clinton Township Michigan in a beautiful apartment complex surrounded by rolling green hills and land. Foxy had the best times when she could roll in the grass and bark at the other dogs. She lived with two cats, one that also passed away with congested heart failure. All of my past pets lived to be 18 to 23 years old. Foxy passed away at the ripe old dog age of 18 years old and my cat, Lady, died at the old age of 23 years old.

Foxy loved Lady and she loved her. They are both survived by my youngest cat, Autumn, a Maine Coon.

She originally belonged to my grandmother until she passed at 97 years old in July 2014. With the death of my father and stepfather this year, it has been very hard. My dad loved Foxy and she was always so happy to see him. Foxy was a very frisky and happy dog and she easily took to children and cats. It took a little while for her to grow on other dogs, but eventually she did. Foxy was surrounded in a apartment community of dogs. So she was able to see and get to know one or two of them. But she bonded with me and we were inseparable. I adopted Foxy from the Detroit Anti-Cruelty Shelter in Detroit Michigan two weeks before Christmas of 2005 after the passing of my girl, Muppet, a mixed Terrier.

She too passed away in my arms with congestive heart failure at the age of 22 years.

All of my pets have been either strays or shelter adopted. I loved all of my pets that are no longer with me. Foxy was only the latest and she is greatly missed. I would love that all homeless pets have a loving forever home as my pets have had. So I choose to donate to the animal shelters and rescue services for animals. I am especially grateful to the Michigan Humane Society of Rochester Hills Michigan for the kindness and compassion shown to me and Foxy at the end of her life. She was put to sleep by them, but before they decided to do so, they allowed me the privilege to make peace with my girl Foxy for one more day. As I held my dog in my arm in bed, I knew that this would be the last time. I took her with me the next day to have my laptop repaired. Before the afternoon was over, Foxy started shutting down and I knew that she was not going home again with me. I quickly contacted the doctor and said that it was time and I was resigned to give my baby girl rest.

It was very hard, but I could not bare any longer to see my dog suffer anymore. Foxy could no longer hold her head up and her legs were completely lame. She could not stand and she was breathing irregularly. The staff assistant came outside with a blanket and I kissed and said my last good-byes to my best friend and companion. Foxy left my side for the first and last time. She will be forever loved and missed.